Federal Court Upholds May 2020 Liberal Attacks Against Gun Users

TheGunBlog.ca — Canada’s Federal Court today upheld the governing Liberal Party’s mass criminalizations and gun confiscations ordered on 01 May 2020, a blow to citizens advocating for ethics, justice and good governance.

Justice Catherine Kane dismissed all six cases brought by firearm users. They had applied to the court to nullify cabinet’s arbitrary “order in council” (OiC) that instantly criminalized honest citizens and began the seizure and destruction of our property.

Judge: ‘The Applications Are Dismissed’

Kane concludes her 266-page opinion:

This court’s judgment is that: (1) The Applications are dismissed. (2)The Attorney General of Canada did not seek costs and no costs are ordered.

—Catherine Kane, Federal Court, 30 October 2023

Why It Matters

  • Kane’s opinion is a disappointment for anyone working to protect individuals from arbitrary crackdowns by authoritarian politicians.
  • She supported the view that Canada’s anti-gun laws are designed for politicians to criminalize honest people and confiscate our gear.
  • Her opinion may encourage the Liberals to accelerate and expand their planned decrees to further suppress government-licensed gun users and the firearm industry.

Gun Owners Plan Appeal

Christine Generoux, an applicant who represented herself in court, told TheGunBlog.ca she will appeal.

“Nothing is over. We’ll take this all the way to the Supreme Court if need be,” the Canadian Coalition for Firearm Rights said on X (Twitter).


  • The court applicants included six groups of more than two dozen individuals and organizations, from hunters and sport shooters to major businesses.
  • They argued at their eight-day hearing in April that the Liberal criminalizations and confiscations are unreasonable, unlawful, and unconstitutional.
  • The regulatory attack specifically targets government-licensed individuals and businesses with many popular rifle and shotgun designs, from the AR-15, Ruger Mini-14, CZ 858 and Derya MK-12 to bolt-action models.

Kane: OIC Is ‘Not Ultra Vires’

Kane rejected a pillar of their challenge that the crackdown was ultra vires, a Latin legal term meaning it was beyond the power of law, specifically Section 117.15(2) of the Criminal Code.

An “order in council” is an executive decree by cabinet. The formal name for cabinet is the “Governor in Council.”

The Order in Council and Regulations are not ultra vires. The Governor in Council did not exceed the statutory grant of authority delegated to it by Parliament pursuant to subsection 117.15(2) of the Criminal Code. The Governor in Council formed the opinion that the prescribed firearms are not reasonable for use in hunting and sport and the opinion and decision to prescribe the firearms as prohibited are reasonable.

—Catherine Kane, Federal Court, 30 October 2023

LeBlanc Welcomes Opinion

“We welcome today’s decision,” Dominic LeBlanc, the Liberal minister overseeing the crackdown, said on his personal account on X (Twitter).

Expropriation Will Be Slow

Although Kane’s judgment keeps the forced expropriations alive, they will take years or decades to complete, if they occur at all.

  • The Liberals have no clue how to execute their fantasy for rapid seizure, even after having worked on it for more than five years. They initially had wished to complete confiscation by April 2022.
  • They had extended the deadline until today. They delayed it again this month until October 2025, after the next election.
  • The best hope for gun users in the short term is for the Conservative Party to win the next election and repeal the OiC.
  • As things stand, targeted owners are forced to surrender our gear when we die because the Liberals made it a crime to pass on to our heirs. We also risk jail if we sell or use our gear.
  • An October 2022 decree began the confiscation of all legally owned handguns.

Kane’s Opinion (PDF)

Source: Federal Court, 30 October 2023

Federal Court Summary Table

Court NumberDate Filed (2020)Lead PartyLead Rep/Lawyer
T-569-20May 21Cassandra ParkerSolomon Friedman
T-577-20May 26CCFRMichael Loberg
T-581-20May 27John HipwellEdward Burlew
T-677-20Jun 29Michael DohertyArkadi Bouchelev
T-735-20Jul 10Christine GenerouxChristine Generoux
T-905-20Aug 11Jennifer EichenbergEugene Meehan